Resources - International Relations

Treaty of Ghent, ending War of1812 

Treaty of Ghent, ending War of1812 


Blogs and Internet on Foreign Afairs with Alternative Perspectives

The Intercept

Sic Semper Tyrannis

Juan Cole

Craig Murray (UK)


Edward Snowden



International Society

Adam Watson, The Evolution of International Society (London: Routledge, 1992)

Hedley Bull, The Anarchical Society, 3rd. ed (New York: Columbia UP, 2002)



Adam Watson, Diplomacy (Philadelphia: ISHI, 1986)

Garrett Mattingly, Renaissance Diplomacy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1955)

Donald E. Queller, The Office of Ambassador in the Middle Ages (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1967)

Felix Gilbert, Machiavelli and Guicciardini Politics and History in Sixteenth Century Florence (New York: Norton, 1984) 

Friedrich Meinecke, trans. Douglas Scott, Machiavellism The Doctrine of Raison d' Etat and its Place in Modern History (London: Routledge, 1957)

James C. Davis, ed., Pursuit of Power Venetian Ambassadors Reports 1560-1600 (New York: Harper, 1970)


Great Powers

John B. Wolf, The Emergence of the Great Powers, 1685-1715 (New York: Harper, 1951)

Derek McKay and H.M. Scott, The Rise of the Great Powers 1648 1815 (London: Longman, 1983)

Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers (New York: Random House, 1987)

Hermann Stegemann, trans. Georges Chatterton-Hill, The Struggle for the Rhine (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1927


19th Century

George F. Kennan, The Decline of Bismarck's European Order Franco-Russian Relations, 1875-1890 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979)

William L. Langer, European Alliances and Alignments 1871 to 1890 (New York: Knopf, 1962)

William L. Langer, The Diplomacy of Imperialism 1890 to 1902 (New York: Knopf, 1960)

William Harbutt Dawson, The German Empire 1867-1914, 2 vols. (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1919)


Congress of Vienna 1814-1815

Crimean War 1853-1856/Britain-France-Ottoman-Sardinia vs Russia

Three Emperors League 1873-1887/Germany-Austria-Russia

Dual Alliance/Austro-German 1879

Triple Alliance 1882/Germany-Austria-Italy

Reinsurance Treaty 1887-1890/Germany-Russia

Dual Alliance/Franco-Russian (1891-93) 1894



Causes of WWI-Wiki Overview

H. Charles Woods, The Cradle of the War The Near East and Pan-Germanism (Boston: Little Brown, 1918)

Charles Sarolea, The Anglo-German Problem (London: Thomas Nelson, 1912)

Andre Cheradame, The Pangerman Plot Unmasked (New York: Scribner's, 1917)


British Hardlline Foreign Policy

Foreign Office

Eyre Crowe


Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Navy (1911-1915)

British Moderate Foreign Policy

Foreign Office

William Tyrrell


German Hardline Foreign Policy

Foreign Office

Friedrich von Holstein


Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz


German Moderate Foreign Policy

Foreign Office

Karl Max, Prince Lichnowsky

Lichnowsky Memorandum



Versailles Peace Conference/League of Nations

E. J. Dillon, The Inside Story of the Peace Conference (New York: Harper, 1920)

Alma Luckau, TheGerman Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference (New York: Columbia University Press, 1941) 

Viscount Cecil (Lord Robert Cecil), A Great Experiment (New York: Oxford University Press, 1941)



Interwar Period


Gathorne-Hardy, A Short History of International Affairs  1920-1939. Royal Institute for International Affairs, 4th ed. (London: Oxford University Press, 1950)

Boris Brasol, The World at the Crossroads (London: Hutchinson, n.d.)


W. M. Knight-Patterson, Germany From Defeat to Conquest 1913-1933. Forward by Lord Vansittart (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1945)



Lord Vansittart, Lessons of My Life (New York: Knopf, 1943)


Middle East

George Kirk, Intro. Arnold Toynbee, The Middle East in the War. Royal Institute of International Affairs (London: Oxford University Press, 1952) 

George Kirk, The Middle East. Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1945-1950 (Londeon: Oxford University Press, 1954)



British Empire

Lord Strang, Britain in World Affairs A Survey of the Fluctuations in British Power and Influence Henry VIII to Elizabeth II (London: Faber and Faber, 1961). British diplomat.

Royal Institute of International Affairs, Political and Strategic Interests of the United Kingdom An Outline (London: Oxford University Press, 1939.


Sir William Foster, England's Quest of Eastern Trade (New York: Barnes and Noble, 1967, reprint of 1933)

James A. Williamson, A Short History of British Expansion The Old Colonial Empire (London: Macmillan, 1951)


Ideological Influences

British Liberal Imperialism

Royal Institute of International Affairs/Chatham House

H. C. G. Matthew, The Liberal Imperialists. The Ideas and Politics of a Post-Gladstonian Élite (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973)

A. M. Gollin, Proconsul in Politics a study of Lord Milner (New York: Macmillan, 1964)

Robert J. Scally, The Origins of the Lloyd George Coalition The Politics of Social Imperialism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975)

Stephen E. Koss, Lord Haldane: Scapegoat for Liberalism (New York: Columbia University Press, 1969)


Wilfred Scawen Blunt, My Diaries 1888-1914, 2 vols. (New York: Knopf, 1921)

Liberal Imperialism

Lord Milner's Kindergarten

The Round Table Group


American Liberal Internationalism/Globalism

Council on Foreign Relations, New York.  Offshoot of Royal Institute for International Affairs, London.

Jennings C. Wise, Woodrow Wilson Disciple of Revolution (New York: Paisely Press, 1938)

Liberal Internationalism


Rhodes Scholarships.  A vector of British Liberal Imperialism



Charles Sarolea, The Anglo-German Problem (London: Thomas Nelson, 1912)

Andre Cheradame, The Pangerman Plot Unmasked (New York: Scribner's, 1917)

Mitteleuropa Concept




Boris L. Brasol, The Balance Sheet of Sovietism (New York: Duffield, 1922)


Wall Street Collaboration

Anthony Sutton, Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution (New Rochelle NY: Arlington House, 1974)

Italian Fascism 

Gaetano Salvemini, The Fascist Dictatorship in Italy (New York: Holt, 1927)

Gaetano Salvemini, The Origins of Fascism in Italy ed. Roberto Vivarelli (New York: Harper and Row, 1973)


Robert A. Brady, The Spirit and Structure of German Fascism (New York: Viking Press, 1937)

Wall Street Collaboration

Charles Higham, Trading with the Enemy The Nazi-American Money Plot 1933-1949 (New York: Barnes and Noble, 1983)

James Stewart Martin, All Honorable Men (Boston: Little Brown, 1950) 


Japanese Militarism

Sino-Japanese War 1894-5

Russo-Japanese War 1905

Sino Japanese War 1937-1945






Wars in Europe


Italian Wars:  Habsburg-Valois Wars 1494-1559

Mallett, Michael and Shaw, Christine, The Italian Wars: 1494–1559 (Harlow, England: Pearson Education, Inc., 2012)

Habsburg-Valois Wars

War of Spanish Succession 1701-1714

War of Spanish Succession

Seven Years War 1756-1763

Seven Years War